Barriers between Ukraine and the EU in the dimension of civil aviation. Survey Results

The Ukrainians do not travel a lot, the main deterrent factors are the price and preference for other types of transport. The visa-free regime and the arrival of low cost carriers can significantly increase the passenger flows, according to results of the all-Ukrainian survey.

As of November 2017, 12.6% of Ukrainian citizens had the new biometric passports.  Young people have the largest amount of biometric passports (almost 19%), while among people older than 60 only 5% have the biometric passports.

Another 21.2% of respondents have old-fashioned passports. Thus, in general, about one-third of Ukrainians have foreign passports.

During the last two years, only 11.8% of Ukrainians have visited the EU. The largest share of them visited the EU once (40.6%) or twice (28.6%). More than 20% travelled to the EU from the western regions of the country. However, 19.1% of polled citizens stated that they are planning to visit the EU next year.

41.4% of the total number of travellers (11.8%) have used the air transport to visit the EU during the last two years. So, only about 5% of Ukrainians flew to the EU over the past two years.

At the same time, 11% of respondents are going to use air transport next year.



The most popular reasons against usage of the air transport are the higher tickets price compared to the land-based types of transport. Also, a significant proportion of respondents reported that they do not use aviation at all or prefer the car.


The majority of respondents consider that the low cost (42.8%), direct connection (20.7%), and comfort flight conditions (18%) are the most important factors in choosing airline tickets.


Most of the respondents (43.6%) are not willing to pay more than a thousand hryvnias for the airline ticket to the EU.

The survey was conducted by Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation in cooperation with the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology at the request of “Europe without Barriers”.

Translated from Ukrainian by Ukraine Think Tank Liason Office in Brussels

Graphics by Anna Simonyan

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